Smithsonian Global

Carlos Jaramillo

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Centennial Bridge spanning the Panama Canal


Recent Publications


Long-Term Research
Global Change

Carlos Jaramillo studies patterns of plant diversity and investigates their relations to climate change. As a paleobotanist (someone who studies ancient plants) at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, his research focuses on the evolution of tropical landscapes and its biota throughout geological history. These studies have taken him primarily to Colombia, Venezuela, Panama, Peru, and Brazil. Carlos uses paleontological research to explore the important role the tropics play in regulating the global climate. He studies how changes in the distant past can suggest ways we can manage the consequences of global change today.

Carlos also led the expedition that discovered the fossils of the Titanoboa—the world’s largest snake. Smithsonian produced a full-scale model replica of the snake being displayed in Grand Central Terminal in New York City and a television show on the Smithsonian Channel, Titanoboa: Monster Snake.

Carlos received his PhD from the University of Florida in Geology and Botany in 1999.  After more than a decade as a paleobotanist, he still feels, “The excitement of finding a fossil is like nothing else.  You realize how lucky we are to be here, on this planet.”


Panama Canal Project: Fossils and Global Change   Active

When Smithsonian paleobotanist Carlos Jaramillo learned that Panama was expanding its canal in 2006 and blasting 100 million tons of rock to do so, he knew he had to move fast to access all of the fossils that this blasting could uncover. Carlos’ research from this site has led to a new understanding of how species spread across the Americas.